فصل 18

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فصل 18

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Chapter 18

LOG ENTRY: SOL 197

Sigh…

Just once I’d like something to go to plan, ya know?

Mars keeps trying to kil me.

Wel… Mars didn’t electrocute Pathfinder. So I’l amend that:

Mars and my stupidity keep trying to kil me.

Ok, enough self-pity. I’m not doomed. Things wil be just be harder than planned. I have al I need to survive. And Hermes is stil on the

way.

I speled out a Morse Code message using rocks. “PATHFINDER FRIED WITH 9AMPS. DEAD FOREVER. PLAN

UNCHANGED. WILL GET TO MAV.”

If I can get to the Ares-4 MAV, I’l be set. But having lost contact with NASA, I have to design my own Great Martian Winnebago.

For the time being, I’ve stopped al work on it. I don’t want to continue without a plan. I’m sure NASA had al kinds of ideas, but now I

have to come up with one on my own.

As I mentioned, the Big Three (Atmospheric Regulator, Oxygenator, and Water Reclaimer) are critical components. I worked around

them for my trip to Pathfinder. I used CO2 filters to regulate the atmosphere, and brought enough oxygen and water for the whole trip. That won’t work this time. I need the Big Three.

Problem is, they soak up a lot of power, and have to run al day long. The rover batteries have 18kwh of juice. The Oxygenator alone

uses 44.1kwh per sol. See my problem?

You know what? “Kilowatt-hours per sol” is a pain in the ass to say. I’m gonna invent a new scientific unit name. One kilowatt-hour

per sol is… it can be anything… um… I suck at this… oh fu@k it. I’l cal it a “pirate-ninja.”

Al told, the Big Three need 69.2pn, most of that going to the Oxygenator and Atmospheric Regulator. (The Water Reclaimer only

needs 3.6 of that.)

There’l be cutbacks.

The easiest one is the Water Reclaimer. I have 620L of water (I had a lot more before the Hab blew up). I only need three liters of

water per sol, so my supply wil last 206 sols. There’s only 100 sols after I leave and before I’m picked up (or die in the attempt).

Conclusion: I don’t need the Water Reclaimer at al. I’l drink as needed, and dump my waste outdoors. Yeah, that’s right Mars, I’m

gonna piss and sh@t on you. That’s what you get for trying to kil me al the time.

There. I saved myself 3.6 pirate-ninjas.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 198

I’ve had a breakthrough with the Oxygenator!

I spent most of the day looking at the specs. It heats CO2 to 900C, then passes it over a zirconia electrolysis cel to yank the carbon

atoms off. Heating the gas is what takes most of the energy. Why is that important? Because I’m just one guy and the Oxygenator was

made for six. 1/6th the quantity of CO2 means 1/6th the energy to heat it.

The spec said 44.1pn, but al this time it’s only been using 7.35 because of the reduced load. Now we’re getting somewhere!

Then there’s the matter of the Atmospheric Regulator. The regulator samples the air, figures out what’s wrong with it, and corrects the

problem. Too much CO2? Take it out. Not enough O2? Add some. Without it, the Oxygenator is worthless. The CO2 needs to be

separated in order to be processed.

The regulator analyzes the air with spectroscopy, then separates the gasses by supercooling them. Different elements turn to liquid at

different temperatures. On Earth, supercooling this much air would take ridiculous amounts of energy. But (as I’m acutely aware) this isn’t Earth.

Supercooling is done by pumping air to a component outside the Hab. The air quickly cools to the outdoor temperature, which ranges

from -150C to 0C. When it’s warm, additional refrigeration is used, but cold days can turn air to liquid for free. The real energy cost comes from heating it back up. If it came back to the Hab unheated, I’d freeze to death.

“But wait!” You’re thinking, “Mars’s atmosphere isn’t liquid. Why does the Hab’s air condense?”

The Hab’s atmosphere is 90 times as dense, so it turns to liquid at much higher temperatures. The regulator gets the best of both

worlds. Literaly. Side note: Mars’s atmosphere does condense at the poles. In fact, it solidifies into dry ice.

Problem: the regulator takes 21.5pn. Even adding some of the Hab’s power cels would barely power the regulator for a sol, let alone

have juice to drive.

More thinking is required.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 199

I’ve got it. I know how to power the Oxygenator and Atmospheric Regulator.

The problem with smal pressure vessels is CO2 toxicity. You can have al the oxygen in the world, but once the CO2 gets above 1%

you’l start to get drowsy. At 2% it’s like being drunk. At 5%, it’s hard to stay conscious. 8% wil eventualy kil you. Keeping alive isn’t about oxygen, it’s about getting rid of CO2.

I need the regulator. But I don’t need the Oxygenator al the time. I just need to get CO2 out of the air, and back-fil with oxygen. I

have 50 liters of liquid oxygen in two 25L tanks here in the Hab. That’s 50,000L in gaseous form, enough to last 85 days. Not enough to

see me through to rescue, but a hel of a lot.

The regulator can separate the CO2 and store it in a tank, adding oxygen to my air as needed. When I run low on oxygen, I can camp

out for a day and use all my power to run the Oxygenator. That way, the Oxygenator’s power consumption doesn’t eat up my driving juice.

So I’l run the regulator al the time, but only run the Oxygenator on days I dedicate to using it.

After the regulator freezes the CO2 out, the oxygen and nitrogen are stil gasses, but they’re -75C. If the regulator fed that back to my air without reheating it, I’d be a Popsicle within hours. Most of the regulator’s power goes to heating the return air so that doesn’t happen.

But I have a better way to heat it up. Something NASA wouldn’t consider on their most homicidal day.

The RTG!

Yes, the RTG. You may remember it from my exciting trip to Pathfinder. A lovely lump of Plutonium so radioactive it gives off 1500

watts of heat which it uses to harvest 100W of electricity. So what happens to the other 1400W? It gets radiated out as heat.

On the trip to Pathfinder, I had to actualy remove insulation from the rover to vent excess heat from the damn thing.

I ran the numbers. The regulator uses 790W to constantly reheat air. The RTG’s 1400W is more than equal to the task, as wel as

keeping the rover a reasonable temperature.

To test, I shut down the heaters in the regulator and noted its power consumption. After a few minutes I turned them right back on

again. Jesus Christ that return air was cold. But I got the data I wanted.

With heating, the regulator needs 21.5pn. Without it… (drum rol) 1pn. That’s right, almost all of the power was going to heat.

As with most of life’s problems, this one can be solved by a box of pure radiation.

I spent the rest of the day double-checking my numbers and running more tests. It al checks out. I can do this.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 200

I hauled rocks today.

I needed to know what kind of power efficiency the rover/trailer wil get. On the way to Pathfinder, I got 80km from 18kwh. This time,

the load wil be a lot heavier. I’l be towing the trailer and al the other sh@t.

I backed the rover up to the trailer and attached the tow clamps. Easy enough.

The trailer has been depressurized for some time now (there’s a couple of hundred little holes in it, after al), so I opened both airlock doors to have a straight shot at the interior. Then I threw a bunch of rocks in.

I had to guess at the weight. The heaviest thing I’l bring with me is the water. 620kg worth. My freeze-dried potatoes wil add another

200kg. I’l probably have more solar cels than before, and maybe a battery from the Hab. Plus the Atmospheric Regulator and

Oxygenator, of course. Rather than weigh al that sh@t, I took a guess and caled it 1200kg.

Half a cubic meter of basalt weighs about that much (more or less). After two hours of brutal labor, during which I whined a lot, I got it al loaded in.

Then, with both batteries fuly charged, I drove circles around the Hab until I drained them both.

With a blistering top speed of 25kph, it’s not an action-packed thril ride. But I was impressed it could maintain that speed with al the extra weight. The rover has spectacular torque.

But physical law is a pushy little sh@t, and it exacted revenge for the additional weight. I only got 57km before I was out of juice.

That was 57km on level ground, without having to power the regulator (which won’t take much with the heater off). Cal it 50km per

day to be safe. At that rate it would take 65 days to get to Schiapareli. But that’s just the travel time.

Every now and then, I’l need to break for a day and let the Oxygenator use al the power. How often? After a bunch of math I worked

out that my 18pn budget can power the Oxygenator enough to make 2.5 sols of O2. I’d have to stop every two to three sols to reclaim

oxygen. My 65 sol trip would become 91!

That’s too fu@king long. I’l tear my own head off if I have to live in the rover that long. Anyway, I’m exhausted from lifting rocks and whining about lifting rocks. I think I puled something in my back. Gonna take it easy the rest of today.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 201

Yeah, I definitely puled something in my back. I woke up in agony.

So I took a break from rover planning. Instead, I spent the day taking drugs and playing with radiation.

First, I loaded up on Vicodin for my back. Hooray for Beck’s medical supplies!

Then I drove out to the RTG. It was right where I left it, in a hole 4km away. Only an idiot would keep that thing near the Hab. So

anyway, I brought it back to the Hab.

Either it’l kil me or it won’t. A lot of work went in to making sure it doesn’t break. If I can’t trust NASA, who can I trust? (For now I’l forget that NASA told us to bury it far away.)

I stored it on the roof of the rover for the trip back. That puppy realy spews heat.

I have some flexible plastic tubing intended for minor Water Reclaimer repairs. After bringing the RTG in to the Hab, I very carefully glued some tubing around the heat baffles. Using a funnel made from a piece of paper, I ran water through the tubing, letting it drain in to a sample container.

Sure enough, the water heated up. That’s not realy a surprise, but it’s nice to see thermodynamics being wel-behaved.

The Atmospheric Regulator doesn’t run constantly. The freeze-separation speed is driven by the weather outside. So the returning frigid

air doesn’t come as a steady flow. And the RTG generates a constant, predictable heat. It can’t “ramp up” its output.

So I’l heat water with the RTG to create a heat reservoir, then I’l make the return air bubble through it. That way I don’t have to worry about when the air comes in. And I won’t have to deal with sudden temperature changes in the rover.

When the Vicodin wore off, my back hurt even more than before. I’m going to need to take it easy. I can’t just pop pils forever. So I’m

taking a few days off from heavy labor. To that end, I made a little invention just for me…

I took Johanssen’s cot and cut out the hammock. Then I draped spare Hab canvas over the frame, making a pit inside the cot, with

extra canvass around the edges. Weighing down the excess canvass with rocks, I now had a water-tight bathtub!

It only took 100L to fil the shalow tub.

Then, I stole the pump from the Water Reclaimer. (I can go quite a while without the Water Reclaimer operating). Hooking it up to my

RTG-water-heater, I put both the input and output lines in the tub.

Yes, I know this is ridiculous, but I hadn’t had a bath since Earth, and my back hurts. Besides, I’m going to spend 100 sols with the

RTG anyway. A few more won’t hurt. That’s my bulsh@t rationalization and I’m sticking with it.

It took two hours to heat the water to 37C. Once it did, I shut off the pump, and got in. Oh man, al I can say is “Ahhhhhh.”

Why the hell didn’t I think of this before?

LOG ENTRY: SOL 207

I spent the last week recovering from back problems. The pain wasn’t bad, but there aren’t any chiropractors on Mars, so I wasn’t

taking chances.

I took hot baths twice a day, laid in my bunk a lot, and watched sh@tty ‘70’s TV. I’ve already seen Lewis’s entire colection, but I didn’t have much else to do. I was reduced to watching reruns.

I got a lot of thinking done.

I can make everything better by having more solar panels. The 14 panels I took to Pathfinder provided the 18kwh that the batteries

could store. When traveling, I stowed the panels on the roof. The trailer gives me room to store another 7 (half of its roof wil be missing because of the hole I’m cutting in it).

This trip’s power needs wil be driven by the Oxygenator. It al comes down to how much power I can give that greedy little fu@ker in a

single sol. I want to minimize how often I have days with no travel. The more juice I can give the Oxygenator, the more oxygen it’l liberate, and the longer I can go between those “air-sols.”

Let’s get greedy. Lets say I can find a home for 14 more panels instead of 7. Not sure how to do that, but let’s say I can. That would

give me 38pn to work with, which would net me 5.1 sols of oxygen per air-sol. I’d only have to stop once per five sols. That’s much more reasonable.

Plus, if I can arrange battery storage for the extra power, I could drive 100km per sol! Easier said than done, though. That extra

18kwh of storage wil be tough. I’l have to take 2 of the Hab’s 9kwh fuel cels and load them on to the rover or trailer. They aren’t like the rover’s batteries; they’re not smal or portable. They’re light enough, but they’re pretty big. I may have to attach them to the outside hul, and that would eat in to my solar cel storage.

100km per sol, stopping every fifth sol to reclaim oxygen. If I could pul that off, I’d get there 40 sols. That would be sweet!

In other news, It occurred to me that NASA is probably sh@tting bricks. They’re watching me with satelites, and haven’t seen me come

out of the Hab for six days. With my back better, it was time to drop them a line.

I headed out for an EVA. This time, being very careful while lugging rocks around, I speled out a Morse code message: “INJURED

BACK. BETTER NOW. CONTINUING ROVER MODS.”

That was enough physical labor for today. I don’t want to overdo it.

Think I’l have a bath.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 208

Today, it was time to experiment with the panels.

First, I put the Hab on low power mode: No internal lights, al nonessential systems offline, al internal heating suspended. I’d be outside most of the day anyway.

I detached 28 panels from the solar farm and dragged them to the rover. I spent four hours stacking them this way and that. The poor

rover looked like the Beverly Hilbilies truck. Nothing I did worked.

The only way to get al 28 on the roof was to make stacks so high they’d fal off the first time I turned. If I lashed them together, they’d fal off as a unit. If I found a way to attach them perfectly to the rover, the rover would tip. I didn’t even bother to test. It was obvious by looking and I didn’t want to break sh@t.

I haven’t removed the chunk of hul from the trailer yet. Half the holes are driled, but I’m not committed to anything. If I left it in place, I could have four stacks of seven cels. That would work fine; it’s just two rovers worth of what I did for the trip to Pathfinder.

Problem is, I need that opening. The regulator has to be in the pressurized area and it’s too big to fit in the rover. Plus which, the

Oxygenator needs to be in a pressurized area while operating. I’l only need it every 5 sols, but what would I do on that sol? No, the hole has to be there.

As it is, I’l be able to stow 21 panels. I need homes for the other seven. There’s only one place they can go: The sides of the rover and trailer.

One of my earlier modifications was “saddlebags” draped over the rover. One side held the extra battery (stolen from what is now the

trailer) while the other side was ful of rocks as counterweight.

I won’t need them this time around. I can return the second battery to the trailer whence it came. In fact, it’l save me the hassle of the mid-drive EVA I had to do every day to swap cables. When the rovers are linked up, they share resources including electricity.

I went ahead and reinstaled the trailer’s battery. It took me two hours but it’s out of the way now. I removed the saddlebags and set

them aside. They may be handy down the line. If I’ve learned one thing from my stay at Club Mars, it’s that everything can be useful.

I had liberated the sides of the rover and trailer. After staring at them for a while, I had my solution.

I’l make L-brackets that stick out from the undercarriages, with the hooks facing up. Two brackets per side to make a shelf. I could

set panels on the shelves and lean them against the rover. Then I’d lash them to the hul with homemade rope.

There’l be four “shelves” total; two on the rover and two on the trailer. If the brackets stick out far enough to accommodate two

panels, I could store 8 additional panels that way. That would give me one more panel than I’d even planned for.

I’l make those brackets and instal them tomorrow. I would have done it today, but it got dark and I got lazy.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 209

Cold night last night. The solar cels were stil detached from the farm, so I had to leave the Hab in low-power mode. I did turn the heat back on (I’m not insane), but I set the internal temperature to 1C to conserve power. Waking up to frigid weather was surprisingly

nostalgic. I grew up in Chicago, after al.

But nostalgia only lasts so long. I vowed to complete the brackets today, so I can return the panels to the farm. Then I can turn the

damn heat back on.

I headed out to the MAV’s landing strut array. Most of the MAV was made from composite, but the struts had to absorb the shock of

landing. Metal was the way to go.

Each strut is 2 meters long, and held together by bolts. I brought them in to the Hab to save myself the hassle of working in an EVA

suit. I took each strut apart, yielding a bunch of metal strips.

Shaping the brackets involved a hammer and… wel that’s it, actualy. Making an “L” doesn’t take a lot of precision.

I needed holes where the bolts would pass through. Fortunately, my Pathfinder-murdering dril made short work of that task.

Attaching the brackets to the undercarriages of the rover and trailer was easy. The undercarriages come right off. I bolted the brackets in place and returned the undercarriages where they belonged. Important note – an undercarriage is not part of the pressure vessel. The holes I driled won’t let my air out.

I tested the brackets by hitting them with rocks. This kind of sophistication is what we interplanetary scientists are known for.

After convincing myself the brackets wouldn’t break at the first sign of use, I tested the new arrangement. Two stacks of seven solar

cels on the rover; another seven on the trailer, then two per shelf. They al fit.

After lashing the cels in place, I took a little drive. I did some basic acceleration and deceleration, turned in increasingly tight circles, and even did a power-stop. The cels didn’t budge.

28 solar cels, baby! And room for one extra!

After some wel-earned fist-pumping, I unloaded the cels and dragged them back to the farm. No Chicago morning for me tomorrow.

LOG ENTRY: SOL 211

I am smiling a great smile. The smile of a man who fu@ked with his car and didn’t break it. This is considerably more rare than you might think.

I spent today removing unnecessary crap from the rover and trailer. I was pretty damn aggressive about it, too. Space inside the

pressure vessels is premium. The more crap I clear out of the rover, the more space there is for me. The more crap I clear out of the trailer, the more supplies I can store in it, and the less I have to store in the rover.

First off: Each vehicle had a bench for passengers. Bye!

Next: there’s no reason for the trailer to have life support. The oxygen tanks, nitrogen tanks, CO2 filter assembly… al unnecessary. It’l be sharing air with the rover (which has its own copy of each of those) and it’l be carrying the regulator and Oxygenator. Between the Hab components it’l be carrying and the rover, there’l be two redundant life support systems. That’s plenty.

Then I yanked the driver’s seat and control panel out of the trailer. The link-up with the rover is physical. The trailer doesn’t do anything but get dragged along and fed air. It doesn’t need controls or brains. However, I did salvage its computer. It’s smal and light, so I’l bring it with me. If something goes wrong with the rover’s computer en-route, I’l have a spare.

The trailer had tons more space now. It was time for experimentation.

The Hab has twelve 9kwh batteries. They’re bulky and awkward. Over two meters tal, a half-meter wide, and 3/4 meter thick.

Making them bigger makes them take less mass per kwh of storage. Yeah, it’s counter-intuitive. But once NASA figured out they could

increase volume to decrease mass they were al over it. Mass is the expensive part about sending sh@t to Mars.

I detached two of them. The Hab mostly uses the batteries at night. As long as I return them before the end of the day, things should be fine.

With both of the trailer’s airlock doors open I was able to get the first battery in. After playing real-life Tetris for a while I found a way to get the first battery out of the way enough to let the second battery in. Together, they eat up the whole front half of the trailer. If I hadn’t cleared the useless sh@t out earlier today, I’d never have gotten them both in.

The trailer’s battery is in the undercarriage, but the main power line runs through the pressure vessel. I was able to wire the Hab

batteries directly in. (No smal feat in the damn EVA suit).

A system check from the rover showed I had done the wiring correctly.

This may al seem minor, but it’s awesome. It means I can have 29 solar cels and 36kwh of storage. I’l be able to do my 100km per

day after al.

4 days out of 5, anyway.

According to my calender, the Hermes resupply probe is being launched from China in two days (if there were no delays). If that

screws up, the whole crew wil be in deep sh@t. I’m more nervous about that than anything else.

I’ve been in mortal danger for months; I’m kind of used to it now. But now I’m nervous again. Dying would suck, but my crewmates

dying would be way worse. And I won’t find out how the launch went til I get to Schiapareli.

Good luck, guys.

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